September 19, 2017

Questions and Comments About Convection Ovens

It seems lately that everyone is interested in convection cooking and that even though manufacturers have brought the technology to the simple toaster oven, many home cooks are still confused about how to use them.  The The Wichita Eagle fields some questions regarding convection oven use and has some simple advice.

I almost never use the convection option when I bake, because recipes never mention it. When I tried it — shortly after we got the new oven — the suggestion to lower the temperature didn’t work the way they said it would, and I prefer having temperatures I can rely on. What is your opinion of convection cooking? Should I keep trying to figure it out?

Unlike a traditional oven, a convection oven contains a built-in fan that intensifies the circulation of hot air, which evenly surrounds your food and speeds cooking. It is particularly good for cookies and pastries because the even heat promotes uniform browning and saves you from repositioning baking sheets midway through.

It’s also great, says cookbook author and frequent Post contributor Tony Rosenfeld, for getting that perfect crisp skin on a roasted chicken. He would know: He cooked hundreds for his book “150 Things to Make With Roast Chicken (And 50 Ways to Roast It).”

Convection baking is less successful, some say, for wetter foods, such as braises or casseroles, that you want to keep from drying out.

The degree to which the cooking is sped up depends on the model of oven and what you’re cooking. Recommendations vary, but most guides advise decreasing regular recipe temperatures by about 25 degrees and cooking times by 10 to 25 percent. One alternative is to cook at the prescribed heat but start checking for doneness early.

The best advice is to follow the instructions for your particular oven and to spend time learning what works and what doesn’t. If you like to follow recipes to a T, use the regular settings.

Join the forum discussion on this post - (3) Posts


  1. Okay. I’ll bite. I am a professional cook who owns 2 electric convection ovens at home, and occasionally does cooking demonstrations for a major oven manufacturer. The first thing to know is that not all convection ovens are created equal. Despite what some of the low-end manufacturers would like you to believe, slapping a fan inside a conventional oven does not magically transform it into convection. Only the so-called “European-style” or “true convection” ovens–which are a bit pricier– contain a 3rd heating element (in addition to the broiler and baking element)that eliminates hot spots within the oven and provides even, multi-rack convection baking. I always cook/bake at a temperature 25 degrees lower than normally recommended; the time savings usually doesn’t kick in until you are baking/roasting something that normally takes 45 minutes or longer. Unless I want slow, dry heat–as for meringues, I nearly always use convection, as it gives superior results. The only other time I use conventional cooking is if I’m warming a covered casserole in the oven–since there is really no point to using convection. One taste of a convection-roasted chicken–with its crisp skin and moist meat–is usually enough to convince people of the value of convection. If not, baking 6 racks of cookies all at once (in 10-12 minutes, or whatever the recipe suggests)will usually do it.

    This is a comment from the original article that was very interesting – NightOwl

  2. I’m happy to know these things. I’ve had this oven for about 2 years and only used it once because it was so slow. I expected a miracle without reading the instructions. (shame on me)